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Stars Seen Being Born from Giant Black Hole

Astronomers have discovered a Black Hole at the heart of a nearby dwarf galaxy “giving birth” to stars, with the stellar newborns connected to the by a vast “umbilical cord” of gas and dust. The supermassive was discovered emitting a 500-light-year-long jet of ionised gas from its centre at over 1 million mph, contributing to a “firestorm” of new star formation in a nearby stellar nursery. It is located roughly 34 million light-years away in the galaxy Henize 2-10.

This is the first time a Black Hole in a dwarf galaxy has been witnessed spawning stars, according to NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope. A research published in the journal Nature on Jan. 19 detailed the extraordinary discovery. The slender tendril of the jet reaching out from the and across space to a bright star nursery was detected by astronomers.

Supermassive Black Hole, which are millions to billions of times larger than stellar-mass, have been observed emitting cosmic plumes in the past, but astronomers previously believed that these jets hampered rather than aided star formation in dwarf galaxies. Henize 2-10 is barely 30 million light-years distant, therefore Hubble was able to clearly acquire both photos and spectroscopic evidence of a Black Hole outflow.

The outflow, rather than limiting star formation, was actually driving the birth of new stars, which was a pleasant surprise. The jets that shoot from Black Hole are created by pulling material from neighbouring gas clouds or stars and slingshotting it back into space as scorching plasma moving near the speed of light. The gas clouds that collide with the jet, if heated to the correct temperature, will form great nurseries for future stars.

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